Enterprise Unveiled – This Week in History

This week in 1976, NASA’s first space shuttle, the Enterprise, was revealed to the public. And it was definitely named after Star Trek.

The EnterpriseThe Enterprise Fri, Sep 17, 1976 – Page 3 · Abilene Reporter-News (Abilene, Texas) · Newspapers.com

Space Shuttle EnterpriseSpace Shuttle Enterprise Thu, Sep 9, 1976 – Page 9 · Simpson’s Leader-Times (Kittanning, Pennsylvania) · Newspapers.com

Space Shuttle Enterprise Unveiled TodaySpace Shuttle Enterprise Unveiled Today Fri, Sep 17, 1976 – Page 1 · The Index-Journal (Greenwood, South Carolina) · Newspapers.com

Space Shuttle EnterpriseSpace Shuttle Enterprise Sat, Sep 18, 1976 – Page 32 · Asbury Park Press (Asbury Park, New Jersey) · Newspapers.com

The Enterprise was not built to withstand the rigors of space, but was used in atmospheric test flights in the late 1970s. It never went through the intended retrofitting that would allow for spaceflight when it became clear that it would be prohibitively expensive to do so. In 2003 the shuttle was fixed up and put on display at the Smithsonian’s National Air and Space Museum. It was moved to the Intrepid Sea, Air & Space Museum in New York City in 2012 and remains there today.

Find more on this piece of spacey history with a search on Newspapers.com.

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The Great Stink of 1858

When insufficient waste disposal mixes with hot summer heat, it’s not going to be good. That’s exactly what happened in London in the mid-1800s, and it all culminated in the summer of 1858 with the “Great Stink.”

Dirty Old Father Thames

At the time, the city’s waste all ended up in the river Thames. The resulting sewer water and the “great stink” it produced was both offensive and unsafe. It was such a problem that the river god “Father Thames” became “Dirty Old Father Thames,” a filthy, sludgy being whose aromas spared neither the poor nor the prosperous.

Dirty Old Father ThamesDirty Old Father Thames Fri, Aug 3, 1855 – 6 · Glasgow Herald (Glasgow, Glasgow, Scotland) · Newspapers.com

Dirty Old Father Thames' Dirty Old Father Thames’ “abominable exhalations” Mon, Jun 28, 1858 – 4 · The Standard (London, Greater London, England) · Newspapers.com

Poem about Father ThamesPoem about Father Thames Thu, Jul 29, 1858 – 6 · The Morning Chronicle (London, Greater London, England) · Newspapers.com

Parliament and Pestilence

Any solution to the issue would come at incredible expense. If the new Parliament building hadn’t been located on the Thames, fully engulfed in the disgusting miasma, the problem may have persisted even longer. But in 1858, summer temperatures and health concerns soared, and no amount of lime chloride could keep the stink out of the government’s meeting rooms.

Heat and the ThamesHeat and the Thames Sat, Jul 10, 1858 – 2 · Hartford Courant (Hartford, Connecticut) · Newspapers.com

Thames is Thames is “an insupportable nuisance” in the excessive heat Sat, Jun 19, 1858 – 5 · The Leeds Intelligencer and Yorkshire General Advertiser (Leeds, West Yorkshire, England) · Newspapers.com

Each summer the stench is more intolerableEach summer the stench is more intolerable Mon, Jun 21, 1858 – 4 · The Morning Chronicle (London, Greater London, England) · Newspapers.com

A Solution to the Stink

Something had to be done about it. Enter Joseph Bazalgette, whose extensive plan for a new sewage system was accepted within weeks of the oppressive heat wave. Work began in 1859 and took several years to complete, but Dirty Old Father Thames cleaned up his act.  The Great Stink of 1858 became just another weird piece of history.

Sir Joseph Bazalgette's contributionsSir Joseph Bazalgette’s contributions Tue, Mar 17, 1891 – 5 · The Leeds Mercury (Leeds, West Yorkshire, England) · Newspapers.com

Find more on the Great Stink, the state of the Thames, and Joseph Bazalgette with a search on Newspapers.com.

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Attack on America – This Week in History

In the morning hours of September 11th, 2001, the world watched in horror as the twin towers of the World Trade Center were brought down by terrorist attack. This week in headlines:

Sept 11, 2001Sept 11, 2001 Tue, Sep 11, 2001 – Page 47 · The Journal News (White Plains, New York) · Newspapers.com

Sept 11, 2001 attackSept 11, 2001 Tue, Sep 11, 2001 – Page 37 · St. Louis Post-Dispatch (St. Louis, Missouri) · Newspapers.com

Sept 11, 2001Sept 11, 2001 Tue, Sep 11, 2001 – 1 · The Ithaca Journal (Ithaca, New York) · Newspapers.com

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Thomas Hardy’s Wife “An Encyclopedia in Petticoats”

Here’s an interesting tidbit on the wife of Thomas Hardy, author of several poems and novels including Tess of the D’Urbervilles. His wife in 1900, when this article published, was Emma Gifford.

Thomas Hardy's Helpful Wife Hardy’s Helpful Wife “an encyclopedia in petticoats” Fri, Jan 26, 1900 – Page 1 · The Newton Enterprise (Newton, North Carolina) · Newspapers.com

The later years of the Hardys marriage were strained, but there’s no doubt that Emma had great influence on Thomas. Her death in 1912 was a blow and caused him great regret over his part in their unhappiness.

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The Lonely Tree of Ténéré

Have you heard of the Tree of Ténéré? It was a small, scrubby acacia that earned its fame by being the only tree for hundreds of miles in a vast open swath of the Sahara. Its solitary existence made it a significant landmark that guided travelers to water and reassured them that they were on the right path.

Sahara Landmark: The tree of TenereSahara Landmark: The tree of Tenere Sun, Oct 22, 1967 – 5 · The Journal Times (Racine, Wisconsin) · Newspapers.com

Unfortunately, this happened:

Bad Driving brings down the Tree of TenereBad Driving brings down the Tree of Tenere Sat, May 3, 1969 – Page 20 · The La Crosse Tribune (La Crosse, Wisconsin) · Newspapers.com

Can you imagine driving into the only obstacle in miles of empty desert? Most sources, like the clipping below, say the incident happened in 1973. But the clipping above is from 1969, so who knows when we really lost the world’s loneliest tree?

The Lonely Tree and its fateThe Lonely Tree and its fate Sun, May 14, 2006 – 63 · Leader-Telegram (Eau Claire, Wisconsin) · Newspapers.com

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Chatelaines – When Purse Meets Charm Bracelet

You’ve probably seen them used in movies and shows but may never have known their name. Chatelaines were the 19th-century woman’s solution to a problem that seems to transcend time and space: a lack of decent pockets.

ChatelainesThe chatelaine Sun, Oct 23, 1938 – Page 25 · The Courier-Journal (Louisville, Kentucky) · Newspapers.com

Chatelaines of the 1800s were most often worn by women who controlled the household. Their many chains held the keys to every nook and cranny of the home, and with this responsibility came an undeniable air of importance. Many women wore less useful chatelaines as a fashion statement to project the appearance of this same importance, with their chains holding perfumes, scissors, nail files, and other eye-catching trinkets.

All About the Woman of FashionAll About the Woman of Fashion Sun, May 23, 1897 – 3 · Davenport Morning Star (Davenport, Iowa) · Newspapers.com

The The “Woman of Fashion” must wear a chatelaine Wed, May 26, 1897 – 3 · Davenport Weekly Republican (Davenport, Iowa) · Newspapers.com

The Summer Girl of 1897, with a chatelaine at her waistThe Summer Girl of 1897, with a chatelaine at her waist Wed, May 26, 1897 – 3 · Davenport Weekly Republican (Davenport, Iowa) · Newspapers.com

Some felt the use of so many trinkets got a little out of hand, and chatelaines were sometimes spoken about in the papers with a sort of fond mockery. But without other means to carry their things, what are women to do? They became a charming accessory that was all the rage.

Chatelaines make quite a dinChatelaines make quite a din Sat, Dec 4, 1897 – 16 · Chicago Tribune (Chicago, Illinois) · Newspapers.com

Find more on chatelaines and other 19th-century fashions with a search on Newspapers.com.

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Suffrage for Women! – This Week in History

On August 26th, 1920, the 19th Amendment is officially adopted into the constitution. Occasionally called the Anthony Amendment after Susan B. Anthony, one of the first to push for a women’s suffrage amendment, the 19th Amendment granted all women the right to vote.

Suffrage for women19th Amendment adopted Thu, Aug 26, 1920 – Page 4 · Reno Gazette-Journal (Reno, Nevada) · Newspapers.com

This historic moment reflected decades of effort by leaders in the women’s suffrage movement and the organizations they headed. The proclamation was signed without ceremony, but changed millions of lives nonetheless.

Find more headlines and articles from this historic day here, or with a search on Newspapers.com.

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