Working with Wikipedia to better document our past

We’ve recently donated 100 subscriptions to the Wikipedia community through the Wikipedia Library, a grant-funded program which makes it easier for experienced volunteer editors to access research materials.

The Wikipedia Library

The Wikipedia Library

It’s very exciting to be involved in this new partnership which allows us to contribute to one of the most frequently used reference tools in the world, and demonstrates how historical newspapers can help improve public information about historical topics from around the world.

We asked User:We Hope, one of Wikipedia’s volunteer editors, to explain how Newspapers.com has helped with his recent contributions.

Newspapers for Wikipedia references
Since I’ve always been interested in the past and what really happened in it, I’ve tended to draw quite a bit from newspapers. For me, accessing older newspapers is like traveling back in time for facts which may have been lost to later publications.

I’ve done quite a bit of work on Wikipedia around articles, such as Red Skelton and Perry Como, where my main sources were older newspaper stories. These sources allow me to “get closer” to when they were happening and allows us to present somewhat different information on Wikipedia than may be found in books on the given subject. When working on Red Skelton, I found that two book sources listed his son’s birthdate incorrectly. A newspaper article on the boy’s death said he was ten days shy of his tenth birthday; checking California vital records showed that the newspaper story had his birthday correct.

Wikipedia is a wonderful environment for capturing this information and correcting it for public record: almost everyone visits Wikipedia for research, and providing both the older sources alongside new sources ensures that future researchers can discover the same information I did.

Exploring an old locomotive
Recently, I have gotten interested in the locomotive William Crooks, because I discovered the engine while upload public domain railroad photos and postcards to Wikimedia Commons. The old engine has an interesting history: it was built in 1861, almost destroyed by fire in 1868, and saved from the scrapyard by the Great Northern Railway’s president, James J. Hill, around the turn of the century.

When researching the Wikipedia article, a copy of an old railroad brochure about the train helped to fill in some information, as well as providing photos of the William Crooks in various places after it was officially retired. The brochure helped document its many tours made under its own power across the country, such as the 1927 Fair of the Iron Horse in Baltimore and the 1939 World’s Fair, but there still was not enough information to do much expansion of this article–not until Newspapers.com.

Having access to the older newspapers available on Newspapers.com, I have been able to add much more specific information. For example, I found an article with an interview of Albion Smith, who restored the locomotive after the 1868 fire and was one of its early engineers. Mr. Smith was instrumental in saving the old engine from the scrapyard by speaking to James J. Hill about the situation. Another interview in the article was with John J. Maher, who started as a fireman on the William Crooks Mr. Maher, helped highlight the earlier wood-burning days of the locomotive. These interviews allowed me to better document the trains transformation from wood-burner to a coal-burner. Moreover, many of my other Newspapers.com clippings I hope to further expand the article with.

William Crooks Locomotive Article

Newspapers article with interviews regarding the William Crooks

More than just individual research for articles
Having Newspapers.com access has also made it possible to verify the copyright status of comic strip images uploaded by various users over the years. Our community on Wikipedia and sister sites like the free media repository Wikimedia Commons, wants to ensure every piece of material is free from copyright claims when we publish it so it can be easily reused by our readership. We carefully screen images uploaded by our thousands of contributors to make sure the copyright statements are accurate. Sometimes older images are uploaded to Wikipedia under a public domain claim due to age, but were not in fact public domain, or couldn’t be easily checked for their copyright status, because they had been uploaded without contextual information like dates of first publication. Having access to a larger collection of newspapers provides us the needed information so that I can double-check the original publication status of the comics, and allows us to send those images Wikimedia Commons, Wikipedia’s sister database of free use images, to be used and enjoyed by more people.

Freckles and His Friends

An example of one of the comics discovered on Newspapers.com

In other contexts, I am using the Newspapers.com to explore other topics, such as documenting the biographies of public figures like Ruth Etting, the stars of the Amos ‘n’ Andy television series, Eddie “Rochester” Anderson, and Paul Weston, the bandleader and composer for more expansions of articles. Being able to capture all that research with clippings allows me to share them with collaborators on those articles. For example, I recently worked with fellow Wikipedian User:This is Paul to explore the life and history of murder victim Joan Robinson Hill, who was discussed in the book Blood and Money. We were really successful in expanding the article using Newspapers.com information to compile what happened after the book was published. We were also able to add some previously “lost” information to the Wikipedia-Featured Article Jo Stafford. An interview I discovered with Jo Stafford gave her first-hand account of how her hit record “Tim-tay-shun” was recorded with Red Ingle and her use of the name Cinderella G. Stump on the label.

Having access to so many sources means lots of clippings on any given subject and I find that when I start searching on a subject, I start clipping, and clipping, and clipping, because there are just so many good sources that need to be added to the Wikipedia article. If I had one “wish” for a feature to be added to Newspapers.com, it would be some type of folder system where one could sort all clippings a member had about a given subject for ease in finding when editing Wikipedia. However, all in all, this partnership has helped make more public a great deal of information about many, many different subjects and I hope we will be able to continue making these discoveries through the access to older newspapers!

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Coming Soon: A New Viewer

For the last little while we’ve been working on a new viewer for the site. It’s designed to be faster and work better on the variety of devices people use these days: desktops, phones, tablets.

The new viewer still has plenty of kinks, but we wanted to put it out there and let people start using it on their different systems and send us their feedback.

When you go to an image using your desktop or a laptop, you’ll see a blue banner at the top of the page with a button that says, “Try the new viewer.”

Try the new viewerOnce you’ve clicked that button you’ll be able use the new viewer throughout the site and give us your feedback by clicking the “Tell us what you think” link in the blue bar at the top of the viewer page.

Tell us what you think

You can always go back to the current viewer by clicking the “Return to standard viewer” link in the blue bar.

We hope you’ll take a few minutes to try the new viewer and send us your feedback. We’ll keep working to make it better.

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Pete the Python Captures the Heart of Texas

The Headline for today on Newspapers.com is about the daring escape of Pete the Python from the Fort Worth zoo in 1954.

The story captured the imagination of the nation (particularly the people of Texas who wondered where he might show up) and references to the missing 18 foot long reptile appeared in papers for weeks while the search continued.  Here are a few examples from Texas papers.

A photo of the Pete’s keeper Harry Jackson:

An update on the search:

Some unusual methods were employed in the hunt:

Reports of a large snake seen swimming in the Trinity River:

Ads appeared using Pete to sell all sorts of things including cars, transmission service and a traveling sideshow:

 

Early in the morning on Sunday, October 3, workers at the zoo were aroused by some agitated chimpanzees and found Pete, not far from where he had made his escape two weeks earlier:

His new found fame led to talk of a public tour:

Even after his return to the zoo, Pete showed up in some odd places in Texas papers. Here, the coach of the TCU football team tries to saddle the python with the blame for a couple of his team’s losses:

Pete had a good couple of weeks and caused quite a stir.  He ended the year tied for number 8 on the Associated Press’s top Texas stories for 1954:

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Finding Your Place

We had a great time talking to people about the site at the RootsTech conference in Salt Lake City last month. We got to meet people, show them the site and to get their feedback and suggestions.

For most of the people that I spoke to, the first question they had was, “What do you have for [fill in the location]?” People had a place, and often a time period, they were interested in and wanted to know if we had newspapers that could help them.

There are a few different ways to see what we have on the site and each has its benefits.  At the top of each page of the site you’ll find links to “Browse” and “Papers”, both of which will show you what we have for a particular area.

Browse
The Browse page let’s you start with a country, narrow to state, city and then date. It gives you a quick sense for what is available by location and is particularly helpful if you are interested in papers from a certain city.

Browse Newspapers.com

The Papers Page
The Papers page lists all the papers we have alphabetically by title, but you can use the map on the left side of the page to narrow the list and just show papers from a give state. You can even add a date range to further narrow your list. Then you can search within just those papers or click on an individual paper to learn more about what we have for that paper.
Papers Page

In addition to the US papers we have, you’ll find a few from England and Canada if you click on “World” above the map.

State Pages
Recently we’ve been working on a new set of pages that we hope will help showcase what we have for each state. We’re still trying to get them right, but you can have a look at them and let us know what you think.
State Page

Here are the states we currently have papers for with links to their pages:

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California
Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
Florida
Georgia
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin

So, for now we’re missing HawaiiVermont and Wyoming, but we’re working hard to get some good papers for those states.

We also have pages for a couple of non-US locations: Canada and England.

We’re adding millions of pages to the site each month, so if you don’t see what you are looking for today, don’t forget to check back later and be sure to let us know if there is a paper or a location you are interested in.

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