November is Native American Heritage Month. Come explore the newspapers written by or for Native Americans on Newspapers.com. Though some of these papers may have just a few issues available, they all provide a wealth of insight into Native American life at the turn of the 19th century and beyond.
Let’s take a look a few of these papers:
- The Progress (White Earth, MN; 1886–89). This paper was published by members of the White Earth Reservation. It was devoted to reservation and area news and advocated for the interests of the tribe.
- The Tomahawk (White Earth, MN; 1904–1921). The Tomahawk was created by the same people who ran the Progress after that paper’s demise in 1889. Between the two papers, there is 20 years’ worth of Minnesota Ojibwe history.
- Indian Chieftain (Vinita, OK; 1882–1902). The Indian Chieftain was an influential paper in the Cherokee nation. It was “devoted to the interests of the Cherokees, Choctaws, Chickasaws, Seminoles, Creeks, and other Indians of the Indian Territory.” The paper also covered national and international news, in addition to tribal affairs.
- The Indian Journal (Eufaula, OK; 1890–1977). This paper, still in publication, is the oldest continuously published weekly paper in Oklahoma.
- The Indian Advocate (Sacred Heart, OK; 1893–1910). The Indian Advocate was published at the Sacred Heart Abby by a Benedictine order. It was intended by its Catholic publishers to help “civilize” the tribes in Oklahoma Territory.
- Cherokee Advocate (Tahlequah, OK; 1880–99). This paper contains some articles and sections that use the Cherokee syllabary.
Other Native American Papers on Newspapers.com include (but are not necessarily limited to):
- Red Lake News (Red Lake, MN; 1915–20)
- The Branding Iron (Atoka, OK; 1884)
- Cheyenne Transporter (Darlington, OK; 1880–86)
- Our Brother in Red (Muskogee, OK; 1882–98)
- Daily Brother in Red (Muskogee, OK; 1890)
- Indian Methodist (Muskogee, OK; 1893)
- Indian Journal (Muskogee, OK; 1880–92)
- Indian Sentinel (Tahlequah, OK; 1891–1899)