The First Woman to Circumnavigate the Globe

The name of this famous lady was Jeanne Baret. When her employer, a naturalist named Philibert Commerson, was invited on an expedition with explorer Louis Antoine de Bougainville, Baret used the ol’ “woman-disguised-as-a-man” trick to join the frequently unwell Commerson on the voyage as his assistant and caretaker.

Jeanne Baret, first woman to circle the globeJeanne Baret, first woman to circle the globe · Mon, Dec 22, 1980 – 42 · Dayton Daily News (Dayton, Ohio) · Newspapers.com

The clipping above is just one example of many unconfirmed explanations for her discovery. The only common thread of truth in the account seems to be that her identity was revealed sometime around the voyage’s arrival in Tahiti in 1768.

Jeanne BaretJeanne Baret · Mon, Apr 30, 2012 – Page E8 · Star Tribune (Minneapolis, Minnesota) · Newspapers.com

Baret’s part on the expedition came to an end when she and Commerson remained on the island of Mauritius during one of the ships long stops. It was here that Commerson died. In 1774 Jeanne married the soldier mentioned in the first clipping and found her way back to France, thus completing her circumnavigation.

Find more on Baret, Commerson, Bougainville and their expedition with a search on Newspapers.com.

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This Week in History – Polio Vaccine Trials

It was this week in 1954 that the first trials of Jonas Salk’s polio vaccine began throughout the U.S., Canada, and Finland.

Anti-Polio Experiment StartsAnti-Polio Experiment Starts · Mon, Apr 26, 1954 – Page 1 · The Times Herald (Port Huron, Michigan) · Newspapers.com

Polio Shot Didn't Hurt a BitPolio Shot Didn’t Hurt a Bit · Mon, Apr 26, 1954 – 1 · Dayton Daily News (Dayton, Ohio) · Newspapers.com

The trials were successful—the vaccine was declared to be safe and effective! At last, the huge, epidemic numbers of polio cases began to decrease, and within a few decades the ancient disease was nearly eliminated worldwide.

Brilliant Victory over Child PlagueBrilliant Victory over Child Plague · Tue, Apr 12, 1955 – Page 1 · The Terre Haute Tribune (Terre Haute, Indiana) · Newspapers.com

Find more on the treatment and trials associated with this piece of history with a search on Newspapers.com.

 

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The Solar Storm of 1859

In September 1859, a crazy thing happened. A solar flare occurred, bright enough to be observed with the naked eye (as it was by an English astronomer named Richard Carrington, after whom the event was later named). The flare was large enough to affect Earth in the form of a solar storm.

Carrington Event of 1859Carrington Event of 1859 · Thu, Jan 28, 2010 – 6 · The Signal (Santa Clarita, California) · Newspapers.com

As described above, the storm affected communications and existing technologies across the globe.

Auroral displayAuroral display · Sat, Sep 3, 1859 – Page 3 · The Louisville Daily Courier (Louisville, Kentucky) · Newspapers.com

The sky lit up, bright as dawn despite the late night hour, and brilliant red auroras shimmered in silvery swaths overhead. There’s a rather nice description of the event in this clipping below:

1859 Solar Storm1859 Solar Storm · Fri, Sep 9, 1859 – Page 3 · Newbern Daily Progress (New Bern, North Carolina) · Newspapers.com

Aside from the telegraph issues, which were resolved as the storm abated, and some fear that the world might be ending, the world was able to move on as normal after a few days. But the event was certainly a bizarre and magnificent display, something to be remembered for a lifetime.

Find more on the Carrington Event/Auroral Lights/Solar storm of 1859 with a search on Newspapers.com.

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This Week in History – The American Revolutionary War Begins

On April 19, 1775, the “shot heard round the world” is fired at Lexington, and the uneasy, growing tensions between American colonists and British soldiers shatter into conflict.

Americans! Forever bear in mindAmericans! Forever bear in mind · Mon, May 8, 1775 – Page 2 · Hartford Courant (Hartford, Connecticut) · Newspapers.com

British troops arrived in Lexington to capture patriot leaders and found armed minutemen waiting for them. The brief battle ended in eight deaths on the American side and none on the British, and word spread like wildfire. War had begun!

Find more like this with a search on Newspapers.com.

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The Scam of Poyais

His name sounds fake, but his kingdom sounded real. Gregor MacGregor scammed hundreds with a dream of a new, bountiful Central American paradise called Poyais.

MacGregor’s success in his scheme no doubt came in part because people had heard tales of his service in distant battles. He returned to England a hero and as the “Cazique of Poyais,”and his stories of the new kingdom of Poyais were compelling indeed. MacGregor backed them up with maps and drawings and details, bringing to life an exquisite fantasy. The lure was irresistible. Hopeful dreamers like James Hastie, whose account is related below, put their fortunes—and lives—in MacGregor’s hands.

When their arrival revealed no kingdom, no other citizens, no supplies and left them without funds or means to return home, the new settlers did what they could to survive. Most didn’t succeed.

The Lord Mayor in the clipping below speaks for us all (with the benefit of hindsight, of course).

MacGregor had successfully bamboozled shipfuls of people in London and Edinburgh, and was going for another round in Paris when his deceit was discovered. He died around 20 years later having never truly received justice for the lives he ruined.

Find more on this story with a search on Newspapers.com.

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This Week in History – Surrender and Assassination

On April 9, 1865, Confederate General Robert E. Lee surrenders to Union General Ulysses S. Grant and the American Civil War is officially brought to an end.

Victory!

Only five days later, President Abraham Lincoln is shot by Confederate sympathizer John Wilkes Booth, making this quite a week for high-emotion headlines.

Assassination of President Lincoln

Find more on Lincoln’s assassination here, or you can search on Newspapers.com for either of these major headlines and other topics of interest.

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Olympics Make a Comeback

On this day in 1896, after a 1,500-year lull, the Olympics are reintroduced to the world.

Revival of the Olympic GamesThe Olympic Games. Are About to be Revived

The original Olympic games were banned by the Christian Roman Emperor Theodosius I in an attempt to crack down on paganism. It was a young French baron, Pierre de Coubertin, who in 1892 first proposed that the games be brought back. Thanks to his persistence, they were, and he guided them as president of the International Olympic Committee through the initial, less popular years when no one thought they would last.

The Olympic Games

Questionable whether Olympic revival will be a success

The first games saw only 280 participants (in contrast to the 2016 summer Olympics, in which over 10,000 athletes competed), but by 1924 the games had regained their popularity of yore. Today, of course, the Olympics are the bees knees when it comes to international sports competition. Thanks, Pierre!

Find more like this with a search on Newspapers.com

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Major Earthquake Strikes San Francisco: April 18, 1906



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<p>On April 18, 1906, at 5:12 a.m., <a href=San Francisco and the surrounding area was struck by a destructive 7.8-magnitude earthquake,
whose epicenter lay just 2 miles west of the city. The earthquake was quickly followed by massive fires that, over the course of three days, burned a large
portion of the city. Three thousand people would be killed, and half of San Francisco’s population would become refugees.

Images of San Francisco before the 1906 earthquake and firesWhen
the earthquake struck not long after 5 a.m. on Wednesday, April 18, most people were still in bed. A brief initial shock was followed by the main quake,
which lasted 45 to 60 seconds. In that minute, buildings throughout the city crumbled or sank into the ground, roads cracked, water and gas mains broke,
and thousands of people were killed, trapped, or injured.

It wasn’t just San Francisco that was affected; nearby cities such as Santa Rosa and San Jose were equally decimated by the earthquake, and tremors were felt as far north as Oregon and as far south as Los Angeles. A strong aftershock around 8 a.m. sent further buildings toppling.

The destruction caused by the earthquake was devastating enough, but within half an hour more than 50 fires had been reported in San Francisco. Despite the response of local firemen, some of the fires grew into massive conflagrations that burned through well-known neighborhoods, including the city’s downtown,
Chinatown, and Nob Hill. By the time the fires were finally put out on Saturday, 4.7 square miles, 500 city blocks, and 28,000 buildings had burned.

As a result of the earthquake and fires, more than 200,000 San Franciscans (out of a population of 400,000) became homeless. Initially, many camped in
parks or other open spaces, but soon many fled the city altogether—some
temporarily, others permanently. Organized relief efforts distributed food, water, and shelter to the refugees, and millions of dollars in aid and donations were given to the city.

The clean-up from the disaster would take two years, and rebuilding the city would take even longer. By 1915 San Francisco had recovered enough to host
the Panama—Pacific International Exposition. In some respects, however, the city never fully recovered from the earthquake: before the disaster, San
Francisco had been the leading city on the West Coast, but following it, Los Angeles took its place.

Do you have family members who lived through the 1906 San Francisco earthquake and fires? Tell us about them! Or learn more about the disaster on
Newspapers.com.

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