In 1943, worried that World War II and the draft would hurt baseball revenues, Chicago Cubs owner Philip K. Wrigley decided to create a professional women’s baseball league to capture the public interest and bring in money.
The league, mainly centered in the Midwest, began playing in the spring of 1943 with four teams, though that number would grow over the 12 seasons the league lasted. Originally called the All-American Girls Softball League, the league underwent numerous name changes over the years and today is referred to as the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League. The rules of play also evolved over time, with the game initially being more like softball but by its final seasons having become nearly identical to men’s baseball.
In addition to having to make the transition from softball to baseball, players in the league also had to take charm-school classes where they learned grooming and etiquette. Uniforms included shorts covered by a short-skirted tunic, which made sliding to bases painful.
The women’s baseball league did well in mid-sized cities, reaching its peak attendance in 1948 with almost a million people in the stands over the course of the season. In the 1950s, the league began to decline, due in part to the decision to operate teams independently rather than under centralized league control, and the league was finally suspended following the 1954 season.
If you’ve seen the 1992 movie A League of Their Own, the story of the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League may sound familiar, as the film is based on one of the teams in the league. To learn more about the true story behind the film—and see photos of the real-life players—check out these clippings from Newspapers.com:
- A 1943 photo of the first woman to sign a contract with the league
- A 1944 article about injuries sustained by league players
- A 1944 photo of the woman who pitched the league’s first perfect game
- A photo of the 1948 player of the year
- A 1948 article (and photos) about the Fort Wayne Daisies team
- A 1948 photo of a player arguing with an umpire
- An account of a 1949 game between the Springfield Sallies and Chicago Colleens
- A 1950 photo of a player that was almost scouted by a men’s team
- A 1950 ad for a league game
Do you have any family stories about the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League? Tell us about them! Or find more articles and photos pertaining to the league by searching Newspapers.com.
This year is a Leap Year, which means we get an extra day on February 29 for a total of 366 days in the year. Want to learn a little more about the origins and traditions of Leap Year? Newspapers.com has got you covered.
If you want to find out about the more about the history of Leap Year, check out the clippings below:
Or if you’re more interested about Leap Year traditions, try reading the following:
- An article about Leap Year legends in different countries
One of the most common Leap Year traditions in the United States and Great Britain in previous centuries was the idea that during a Leap Year, women could propose marriage to men. Over the years, the tradition also grew to include the custom of holding Leap Year dances and balls, which were Sadie Hawkins-type events where the women were in charge and asked the men to dance.
Check out the following clippings from over the centuries about the “Ladies’ Law” Leap Year tradition:
Want to learn more about Leap Year and its traditions? Start a search on Newspapers.com.
This year on January 18, the nation will celebrate the life of Martin Luther King, Jr., born on January 15, 1929. Though he was just 39 when he was assassinated in 1968, the civil rights leader made an indelible impact on the civil rights movement and on the country as a whole.
You can read thousands of articles about important events during the public life of Martin Luther King, Jr., on Newspapers.com. Below is a selection to get you started:
Do you have any personal stories about Martin Luther King, Jr.? Tell us about them! You can also find many more articles about Martin Luther King, Jr., and the civil rights movement on Newspapers.com.
When Star Wars (later retitled Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope) was released in the United States on May 25, 1977, it was an immediate sensation. Show after show sold out, with many viewers returning to see the film more than once. It received near-universal praise from film critics as well and went on to break all kinds of records for box-office earnings, attendance, and length of run. It surpassed Jaws as the top-grossing film of all time and retained that title until 1982, when it was overtaken by ET, though it still remains one of the most financially successful films.
People went wild for Star Wars, and its popularity is reflected in the plethora of articles and reviews newspapers published about the film. Below is a just a small sample of the tens of thousands of matches you can find for Star Wars on Newspapers.com:
Did you see the original Star Wars in the theater? Tell us about it! Or get started searching for Star Wars on Newspapers.com.
Game 1 of the 111th World Series kicks off this year on October 27. If you aren’t already in the spirit, here are some clippings pulled from Newspapers.com of some of the most memorable moments in early World Series history.
- 1912, Game 8, Red Sox v. Giants: The Giants’ Fred Snodgrass muffs the ball in the 10th inning
- 1929, Game 4, Athletics v. Cubs: Cubs lose an 8-0 lead after Athletics score 10 runs in the 7th inning
- 1932, Game 3, Yankees v. Cubs: In his final World Series, Babe Ruth appears to call his shot by pointing to centerfield before hitting a homerun there (and here are two papers’ takes on Ruth’s gesture the day after: the Brooklyn Daily Eagle and Nevada State Journal)
- 1941, Game 4, Yankees v. Dodgers: Dodger catcher Mickey Owen drops a third strike, allowing the Yankees to score 4 runs and win the game
- 1946, Game 7, Cardinals v. Red Sox: The Red Sox’s Johnny Pesky holds the ball too long allowing Enos Slaughter to make it home and score the winning run
- 1954, Game 1, Giants v. Indians: The Giants’ Willie Mays sprints to make an incredible catch way back in centerfield, preventing two runs in the 8th inning
- 1956, Game 5, Yankees v. Dodgers: The Yankees’ Don Larsen pitches a perfect game
- 1960, Game 7, Pirates v. Yankees: Bill Mazeroski hits a game-ending homerun in the final inning of the last game to win the World Series for the Pirates
Do you have any favorite World Series memories? Tell us about it! Or start a search for World Series stories and images on Newspapers.com.
Did you know that in the 1850s the American government brought camels to the Southwest to be used by the army and that 50 years later, feral camels were still being spotted in the desert?
In the late 1840s, Major Henry Wayne of the Quartermaster Department suggested the use of camels to the War Department, and in the mid-1850s Secretary of War Jefferson Davis convinced Congress to appropriate money to import the camels as pack animals for the army in the ever expanding West.
Major Wayne and Naval Lieutenant David Dixon Porter sailed to North Africa and the Middle East in 1856 and came home with some camel handlers and a few dozen camels, which were kept at Camp Verde, Texas. A year later, Porter returned for more camels, bringing the total to about 70.
The camel experiment in the Southwest was relatively successful, as camels were hardier than horses, mules, or burros, traveling farther, packing heavier weights, needing water less often, and being able to subsist on the native desert plants. However, the camels tended to spook the other pack animals, and most of the Americans assigned to them never learned to like them or handle them properly.
The camels’ downfall came with the Civil War. The Confederates took over Camp Verde, but when the US government regained control, it had lost interest in the camel experiment, so the animals were sold (though some had died or escaped during the war).
But that wasn’t the end of camels in the Southwest. Up through the early 1900s, there were occasional reports of sightings of feral camels roaming the desert.
Did you know that you can find articles about the army’s camels on Newspapers.com? Below is a selection of a few of the different articles you can find:
Have you heard of the Southwest’s camels? If you want to learn more about them, start a search on Newspapers.com!
Have you ever come across an old sales ad and been surprised at how inexpensive products seemed to be back then compared to how much they cost today? Eggs for $0.27/dozen? Seems cheap. But if you adjust those old prices to their equivalents today, you might be surprised at how they compare.
So let’s take some of the prices in a grocery ad from Pennsylvania 100 years ago (1915), adjust the prices for modern inflation,* and compare the adjusted prices to average 2015 prices.**
1915 ad price: $0.25/2-lbs ($0.125/lb)
1915 adjusted price: $2.95/lb
2015 average price: $3.99/lb
1915 ad price: $0.20/0.5-lb ($0.40/lb)
1915 adjusted price: $9.45/lb
2015 average price: $5.59/lb
1915 ad price: $0.25/2-lbs ($0.125/lb)
1915 adjusted price: $2.95/lb
2015 average price: $2.91/lb
1915 ad price: $0.27/dozen
1915 adjusted price: $6.38/dozen
2015 average price: $2.11/dozen
1915 ad price: $0.30/30-lbs ($0.01/lb)
1915 adjusted price: $0.24/lb
2015 average price: $0.67/lb
1915 ad price: $0.25/6-lbs ($0.042/lb)
1915 adjusted price: $0.99/lb
2015 average price: $0.69/lb
Those eggs for $0.27/dozen don’t seem so cheap now, do they? Interested in finding out how much other items cost back in the day? Search or browse on Newspapers.com for more ads.
* 1915 adjusted prices were calculated using the Bureau of Labor Statistics’ Consumer Price Index (CPI) Inflation Calculator.
**Average 2015 prices were pulled from the Bureau of Labor Statistics’ Consumer Price Index (CPI) Detailed Report Data for January 2015, pg. 215, Table P4: “Average retail food prices, U.S. city average and four regions.”
This August is the 95th anniversary of American women gaining the right to vote in all state and federal elections when the 19th Amendment to the Constitution was ratified on August 18, 1920.
Women’s suffrage in America was a divisive issue from the very beginning of the organized movement at the Seneca Falls Convention in 1848. Over the ensuing 72 years, while women gradually won the right to vote in some state and local elections, they continued to fight for full suffrage. Eventually, the suffragists of the 19th century gave way to the “suffragettes” of the 20th century, with their more confrontational tactics, influenced by the militant women’s suffrage movement in Britain.
Though what would become the 19th Amendment was first introduced to Congress in 1878, it took 41 years—and multiple rejections—for it to finally pass. After it was approved by Congress in 1919, it was sent to the states for ratification, where it would need to be approved by the legislatures of three-fourths of the states. Though women’s suffrage had always faced the biggest obstacles in southern states, Tennessee was the deciding 36th state to ratify the amendment by a slim margin on August 18, 1920.
As expected from such a controversial issue, the newspapers of the time were full of articles debating the suffrage question. On Newspapers.com you can follow both sides of the debate from its beginnings in the mid-19th century up through the day women’s right to vote became protected by the Constitution.
Examples of the articles and other features you can find about women’s suffrage include:
Did you have any ancestors involved in the women’s suffrage movement? Tell us about it! Or if you want to learn more about the movement, simply start a search on Newspapers.com.
It’s summertime! Have you thought about using Newspapers.com to find ideas, tips, and recipes to get you through the summer? The site has countless articles on summertime topics from across the decades.
Want to beat the heat? Learn some tips for keeping cool from these articles.
Looking for some summer recipes? Look no further.
Need some drinks to go with those summertime recipes? Find out how to make a variety below.
- A lemonade recipe from 1896
- Lemonade, Orangeade, Orange Ginger Ale, Grape Lemonade, Mixed Fruit Drink, and Iced Cocoa (1930)
- Portable Lemonade (1962)
- Iced Tea, Sun Tea, Sun Tea Punch, Iced Tea Punch, Delicious/Iced Tea, and Spiced Cranberry/Tea (1995)
- Iced Tea Coolers (1976)
- Summer drink recipes from 1903, including Mint Sangaree, Temperance Punch, Frosted Claret, Orange Frappe, Egg Phosphate, Golden Slipper, Perfait Amour, Frosted Coffee, Old Colonial, Farmer’s Ale, and Sassafras Mead
Planning on spending some time at the pool? Try the water games explained in these articles.
Putting together a picnic? Discover picnic ideas and tips from these full-page spreads.
Going to the beach? Get some inspiration for your sandcastles from these articles’ photos.
Last but not least, want to see pictures of puppies cooling off in summer? We’ve even got that too.
Get started with your summertime searches on Newspapers.com here.
When the United States entered World War I in the spring of 1917, President Wilson asked Herbert Hoover to head the US Food Administration, which would regulate American food from the ground up to ensure there was enough for both American and Allied troops as well as for the citizens of Allied nations experiencing food shortages. Although in reality Hoover predominantly accomplished this through extensive government involvement in the market, his best-known and most publicized method was a public campaign to involve everyday Americans in voluntary food conservation, which quickly became known as “Hooverizing.”
The food conservation effort, with its slogan “Food will win the war,” encouraged Americans to embrace self-denial for a greater good. However, the Food Administration frequently emphasized that it wasn’t suggesting Americans do without, simply voluntarily decrease their consumption of foods needed for the war effort (particularly meat, wheat, sugar, and fats) by substituting other foods instead. Americans were also encouraged to “lick the platter clean” (reduce food waste) and to buy less food by growing “war gardens” and raising chickens in their backyards.
Hoover’s efforts during the war proved successful, and America was able to decrease domestic food consumption by 15 percent and provide $1.4 billion of food aid to Europe over the course of a year.
Interested in learning more about Hooverizing? Newspapers.com has thousands of articles, editorials, advice columns, poems, cartoons, ads, and propaganda pieces related to the WWI food conservation effort. Not to mention many recipes to help Americans comply with the Food Administration’s guidelines on conserving food (particularly wheat).
Take a look at some of these Hooverizing recipes you can find on Newspapers.com (and maybe even try out a couple):
- Wheat-Corn Yeast Bread
- Rye and Bran Raisin Rolls, Cornmeal Rolls, Oatmeal Gems, Potato Biscuits, Corn and Rice Muffins, and Raisin Bread
- Oatmeal Muffins and Buckwheat Muffins
- Potato Peanut Loaf, White Potato Custard Pie, Left-Over Potatoes, Stewed Potatoes, Scallop of Potatoes and Cheese, Potato Pudding, and Potato Puffs
- Mock Mince Meat
Find more items about Hooverizing by starting a search on Newspapers.com!