Tip: Using “Share”

Newspapers.com News, Finds and Tips

Many of us have—at some point in our lives—probably been sent a newspaper clipping that a friend or family member thought we’d enjoy. Or we’ve given a clipping to others ourselves. Now, on Newspapers.com, you can quickly and easily share your newspaper clippings online rather than dealing with cutting and sending paper copies, which can smear or fade over time.

It’s easy. Once you clip an article on Newspapers.com, the option will automatically appear for you to share that article via email or social media like Facebook, Twitter, Google+, or Pinterest—or you have the option to get the code to embed the article in your own website or blog. When you share a clipping in any of these ways, others can view it without having a Newspapers.com account.

If you want to share a Newspapers.com article that you’ve clipped previously, simply go to “Your Clippings” from the dropdown menu in the top right-hand corner of our website. Then either mouse over the clipping you want to share or click or tap it. Either will give you access to the “Share” button, which you can select to access the different share options.

If you’d still rather share a hard copy of an article you’ve found, you can print your clipping by selecting it from “Your Clippings” and choosing the “Print” option. When it prints, it will include not only the article but the newspaper name and article date as well.

For other tips on using Newspapers.com, visit our “Newspapers.com basics” page.

John Dillinger Killed: July 22, 1934

John Dillinger Killed: July 22, 1934

John Dillinger
At the time of his death in 1934 at age 31, John Dillinger was America’s Public Enemy Number 1 and the most infamous bank robber of his era. America had been closely following his exploits for the last year as he robbed banks and escaped jails across the Midwest, leaving a trail of bodies in his wake. So when news broke of his death at the hands of federal agents, it made headlines nationwide for days.

Dillinger, born in Indiana, had first gone to prison in 1924 for the assault and robbery of an elderly grocer. He served 8 years of his sentence before being paroled in 1933 and had been out of jail less than a month before robbing his first bank. Dillinger committed more robberies before being caught and sent to jail in Lima, Ohio, in September 1933. However, with the aid of men he had previously helped escape from prison, Dillinger broke out of the Lima jail.

Fire Smokes Out Dillinger GangDillinger and his gang resumed robbing banks until January 1934, when a fire at an Arizona hotel alerted the police to Dillinger’s location. Dillinger was taken to jail in Crown Point, Indiana, but he escaped two months later—this time using the sheriff’s own car as his getaway vehicle. After a brief visit to his family in early April, Dillinger, along with his gang, narrowly escaped capture in Wisconsin. Then in June, Dillinger was named Public Enemy Number 1 and a reward of $10,000 was offered for his capture (the equivalent of more than $175,000 today); Dillinger’s response was to rob a bank in Indiana.

In July, Dillinger stayed in the Chicago apartment of Romanian brothel madam Anna Sage, who, facing deportation, offered to help the FBI trap Dillinger in exchange for help with her immigration problems. Sage and Dillinger, along with Dillinger’s girlfriend, attended a movie on the night of July 22 while federal agents, alerted by Sage, waited for Dillinger outside.

Dillinger's body en route to Indiana
When Dillinger exited the theater, the agents ambushed him, shooting him to death. His body was taken to a hospital, where he was declared dead, then to the morgue, where thousands came to view his body. Dillinger was taken back to his hometown in Indiana for a funeral, after which he was buried in the family plot.

You can find additional articles about John Dillinger’s life of crime on Newspapers.com. Or use the search box to look for stories on other people and events that interest you.

Content Update – The Oakland Tribune

Content Update

Original goals of the Oakland Tribune The Oakland Tribune began publishing February 21, 1874, with the goal of becoming “the leading local paper of the city,” keeping its readers “posted upon the affairs transpiring within the city and county.” The paper went through various names in its early years—the Oakland Daily Tribune (1874), Oakland Evening Tribune (1874–75), and Oakland Daily Evening Tribune (1875–91)—before finally becoming simply the Oakland Tribune in 1891, a title it still retains today.

The Tribune was initially handed out for free, but it quickly garnered a wide subscription readership. Although the paper originally intended to remain politically independent, that changed when it was acquired by a new owner in 1876 and over the decades evolved into a powerful Republican paper that could make or break political careers.

Bay Bridge completedLooking through the early issues of the Oakland Tribune, you’ll notice that issues were only four pages at first, though it expanded as advertising and other demands grew. Along with an abundance of ads, the early Tribune mostly carried articles on local topics, whether big (like the burning down of the city hall) or small (like the need for drinking fountains due to temperance). But you can also find topics of wider historical importance in its pages, like the effects of the Great San Francisco Earthquake on Oakland’s politics and population.

In later years, the scope of the Tribune widened to national and international news, but it still featured newsworthy local events like the completion of the San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge and the murder trial (and mistrials) of Black Panther leader Huey Newton. It also still found room for items of purely local interest, like this gem of a column from 1974 about the 9 most attractive men in the Oakland area.

9 sexiest men in the Eastbay.In addition to the headlines, the Tribune also included the typical marriage, death, birth, and divorce announcements. You might also find the names of your Oakland-area ancestors among the lists of real estate transactions, undelivered letters and telegrams, school reports and honor rolls, overland train arrivals, guests at the Grand Central Hotel, or even police arrests.

Whether it’s the Oakland Tribune or a newspaper closer home, local papers can be a great place to look for your ancestors. Get started searching or browsing the Oakland Tribune here.

Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand: June 28, 1914

Headline in History - Marian Anderson Sings to 75,000

NY Times announces assassination
On Sunday, June 28, 1914, America’s major headlines revolved around the Mexican Revolution and Teddy Roosevelt’s ill health. But the next day, headlines the world over were focused on one thing: Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the Austro-Hungarian Empire, and his wife, Sophie, had been assassinated on the 28th in Sarajevo, Bosnia.

The imperial couple had traveled to Sarajevo to review military troops and were on their way to the town hall when a Serbian nationalist threw a bomb at their car. It bounced off and instead exploded under the next car in the motorcade, injuring members of the imperial entourage and nearby spectators. Unharmed, Franz Ferdinand and Sophie continued on to the town hall, after which they decided to change their plans and visit the hospital where the wounded entourage members were being treated.

Archduke started royal row when he fell in loveUnfortunately, their driver made a wrong turn and partway through the journey had to stop the car. As fate would have it, another member of the assassination plot, 19-year-old Bosnian Serb Gavrilo Princip, happened to be in that exact location, and as the car stopped, he shot the couple at close range. The archduke was hit in the neck, and his wife was hit in the stomach; both died from their wounds soon after.

The next day, newspapers exploded with details of the tragic event, and many papers took the opportunity to also publish other articles about the Hapsburg imperial family. The controversial yet romantic marriage between the now-deceased archduke and his morganatic wife was a popular news feature, as was conjecture on how the deaths would affect the already tragedy-stricken elderly emperor.

Map of assassination locationThere were also numerous articles speculating on the political effect this would have on the tense relationship between the Austro-Hungarian Empire and Serbia. While many correctly forecasted that the assassination would have a disastrous effect that might ripple out to other European nations, some predicted that the death of the unpopular archduke might actually stabilize peace in Europe instead.

But even the most pessimistic of experts couldn’t have predicted that the tragedy would quickly spark a war that would last more than four years and result in upwards of 37 million dead, missing, or wounded soldiers.

Find out more about this instigating event of World War I—or learn how your ancestors’ communities reacted to news of the assassination and later war—on Newspapers.com.

Collaboration with the UNC Libraries

Content Update

Thomas Battle running for School Committee Recently, Newspapers.com has been working with the University of North Carolina (UNC) Libraries to digitize newspapers in their North Carolina Collection: roughly three thousand microfilm reels, or about two million pages, of pre-1923 newspapers. But the partnership doesn’t stop there. UNC professor Robert Allen is incorporating these newly digitized papers—as well as Newspapers.com—into his Spring 2014 first-year American Studies seminar.

The seminar, called the Family and Social Change in America, studies genealogy and family history as a window to wider social and historical issues and uses ever-growing digital archives—such as Newspapers.com—to do so. Professor Allen’s students have used the papers available on Newspapers.com to do research on subjects such as Lebanese migration in North Carolina, the lives of African American craftsmen in the city of New Bern, and the search for “lost” family members following slavery via “information wanted” ads. The students’ work was spotlighted on the UNC website.

Oden elected to city councilIn the New Bern project, the students used Newspapers.com—in addition to records available through Ancestry.com—to expand the research done by Catherine W. Bishir in her book Crafting Lives: African American Artisans in New Bern, North Carolina, 1770-1900 (UNC Press, 2013). Each student took a craftsman discussed in the book and looked for further information on that person.

As the students combed Newspapers.com, they found interesting examples of the artisans’ high level of involvement in their community. For example, one newspaper article announces brick mason Thomas Battle running for election to the school committee, and another reports that artisan Allen Oden was elected as a city councilman in 1891. But some of the artisans’ everyday achievements were documented in newspapers as well, as shown by an 1882 article that remarks on Oden’s thriving corn crop.

Information wanted--George W. MoranIn the “information wanted” project, Allen’s students similarly used Newspapers.com and Ancestry.com to explore and extend Heather Williams’ research in her book Help Me to Find My People: The African American Search for Family Lost in Slavery (UNC Press, 2012). The students found “information wanted” ads in newspapers from North Carolina and beyond that illustrate African Americans’ post–Civil War attempts to find family members dispersed by slavery, war, and migration. One poignant example found on Newspapers.com documents a father’s 400-mile journey in search of his 11-year-old son in 1870.

Look at North Carolina newspapers yourself—or explore papers from the states your own ancestors lived in—on Newspapers.com.

The World’s First Chocolate Chip Cookie

Newspapers.com News, Finds and Tips

Original chocolate chip cookie recipe
When Ruth Wakefield and her husband, Kenneth, started the Toll House restaurant in 1930 in Whitman, Massachusetts, they had no idea that their restaurant would become the birthplace of an American cultural icon: the chocolate chip cookie. The extremely popular Toll House restaurant was especially well-known for its desserts, one of the humbler of which was ice cream with a butterscotch nut cookie. Then sometime in the mid-1930s, Ruth Wakefield decided she wanted to try something a little different for that cookie—and what she came up with was the chocolate crunch cookie, the first chocolate chip cookie.

1954 ad for Nestle's semi-sweet morselsWith its bits of Nestlé’s semi-sweet chocolate bar, the chocolate crunch cookie was a hit at the restaurant, and people began asking for the recipe. Soon, the cookie was being featured in newspaper columns and radio broadcasts. As sales of the cookie at the restaurant skyrocketed, so did sales of Nestlé’s semi-sweet chocolate bar when people began trying the recipe in their own kitchens.
In March 1939, Wakefield sold the rights to the Toll House name and cookie recipe to Nestlé, and the recipe for the cookies—now called Toll House cookies—was printed on the packaging of their semi-sweet chocolate. Nestlé even began scoring their chocolate bars in smaller sections especially for the cookies and in 1940 introduced chocolate morsels specifically to make the cookie-baking process even easier.

Current Toll House cookie recipeIn the early 1940s, the recipe for Toll House cookies was printed and reprinted in newspapers nationwide. After some early changes to the recipe, it essentially remained unaltered from 1939 until 1979, when Nestlé’s original 40-year agreement ended. Nestlé has since made several minor changes to the recipe, the most obvious of which were increasing the cookie size from half a teaspoon to a tablespoon and decreasing the cooking time. The result was that the Toll House cookie went from a small, crunchy, brown cookie to the larger, chewy, golden version we’re familiar with today.

Newspapers.com is full of articles and recipes documenting the history of the Toll House cookie. Be sure to check out these clippings:

Opening of the Paris World’s Fair: May 6, 1889

Headline in History - Marian Anderson Sings to 75,000

World's Fair Now Open
It was a spectacle worth remembering,” reported The Times of Philadelphia on the opening of the 1889 Paris World’s Fair. Called the Exposition Universelle by the French, the fair opened May 6 to much anticipation. After all, the world had just spent more than two years following the construction of the Eiffel Tower (the tallest man-made structure at the time) and was curious to see what else the 228-acre fair would have to offer.

The French Republic had proudly declared that the fair would celebrate the centennial of the French Revolution, and as a result many monarchies in Europe declined to send official diplomatic representatives. Nevertheless, those countries—as well as the United States and countries from Latin America, Asia, Africa and elsewhere—had exhibits displaying the technical and cultural marvels from their respective countries. Not only could visitors see Thomas Edison’s miraculous phonographs, for instance, but they could also visit the “gigantic” porridge tureen of the king of the Sandwich Islands

France's Great FairFrom May through October, the duration of the fair, newspapers were full of accounts of the exposition’s many wonders and attractions. Articles described with amazement the countless exhibits, and reporters wrote home to their newspapers about the theaters that displayed “curious national dances” and about the enormous Palais des Machines, which exhibited recent inventions. Readers also learned how attendees could visit replica villages of France’s many overseas colonies, observing the inhabitants and sampling cuisine. On top of that, papers described America’s own Buffalo Bill and his Wild West Show, which performed at the fair and headlined famed sharpshooter Annie Oakley. And all that was just the beginning of the coverage on the multitudes of curiosities the exposition had to offer.

While hometown papers reported excitedly on locals returning from the fair and featured travel ads and ticket giveaways for those still eager to make the trip, not everyone was entirely enamored of the exposition. Some dissatisfied reporters satirized the experience, and others expressed disappointment in various exhibits. Still, by the end of the fair in October, an estimated 28 million people from across the globe had attended what one article termed “the most elaborate and magnificent exhibition ever held.”

Discover more about the 1889 Paris World’s Fair—or learn what your own ancestors were doing that year—on Newspapers.com.

Introducing the Brooklyn Daily Eagle

Content Update

...the largest circulation of any evening paper...Newspapers.com recently worked with the Brooklyn Public Library to complete a full digital archive of the Brooklyn Daily Eagle by digitizing negative microfilm of the paper provided by the Library of Congress. Now you can find out what was going on in Brooklyn, New York, in Newspapers.com‘s collection of the Brooklyn Daily Eagle, a Pulitzer Prize–winning newspaper published daily for more than 100 years, from 1841 to 1955.

Started in 1841 as a temporary political paper, the Eagle soon evolved to focus on Brooklyn in general. One of its early editors was none other than poet Walt Whitman. During his time at the Eagle, Whitman wrote on a variety of subjects for the paper, including the lack of public parks in Brooklyn, state election results, the slave trade, and the Mexican-American War.

The Eagle's original Democratic agendaAs Brooklyn grew, so did the Eagle, and by 1856 it claimed to have the “largest circulation of any evening paper published in the United States.” The paper didn’t shy away from taking stances on the issues affecting Brooklyn, championing the building of the Brooklyn Bridge and opposing Brooklyn’s consolidation into the City of New York in 1898.

But the paper covered more than political issues, and beyond birth, marriage, and death announcements, you might find your Brooklyn ancestors in its gossip columns or reports on local club, society, and committee meetings (some with lists of people in attendance). Or look for your ancestors in the paper’s unclaimed letters lists or “About Brooklyn People” section. If you’re a sports fan, you can track the history of the Brooklyn Dodgers from their first home game on May 12, 1883, to their signing of Jackie Robinson and his opening game on April 15, 1947.

Brooklyn prisoners of warAs the United States got increasingly involved in World War II, so did the Brooklyn Daily Eagle, and within its pages you can find not only stories about the big battles, but also stories about Brooklyn soldiers off fighting the war, as well as lists of casualties and of local boys taken prisoner of war.

The Brooklyn Daily Eagle was published up until January 28, 1955, when a 5-month-long strike by the Newspaper Guild for higher wages forced it to stop its presses. Over the course of its 114-year publication, the Eagle saw Brooklyn’s population grow from 47,000 to 2,700,000, and you can find the day-to-day history of that growth—and accounts of those inhabitants—in the Eagle’s pages on Newspapers.com.

Browsing on Newspapers.com

Newspapers.com News, Finds and Tips

Searching a newspaper by keyword is a modern convenience. Historically—and by necessity—newspapers were intended to be perused page by page. Today, we call such online perusing “browsing.”

Browsing newspapers online can be especially enlightening. It’s a great mix of history and modernity. Start with a location, time period, or paper. Then, page by page, story by story, read up on how people lived, worked, and played. Discover how communities handled newsworthy—and not so newsworthy—daily events: social, political, meteorological, and beyond.

From natural disasters to sports, from obituaries to society columns, our ancestors learned about their neighbors in black and white. Today, you can browse the papers on Newspapers.com and meet your ancestors’ neighbors. Read about their joys, tragedies, and scandals; how the crops fared; or if the merchants had a good year.

Once you’ve located an item of interest, searching within a browse can take you to additional stories quickly. While browsing a 1931 issue of The Altoona Herald in Iowa, a notice about F. J. Dunkle’s new store in Berwick caught this staff reporter’s eye.Newspapers Browse Screen

To learn more about the store and Dunkle, select the “4 June 1931″ breadcrumb* above the viewer to open the browse menu. Navigating left and selecting “1931″ in the menu for year highlights that year and isolates a search to stories in that particular paper for 1931 only. Typing the words Dunkle and Berwick in the “Search within” box at the top leads to search results with front-page news on February 12: “Berwick Store Burns.” Reassuringly, we also discover that by July 23, Mr. and Mrs. Dunkle had “moved into their new home above the store” from an article that likewise mentions which of their neighbors were busy with trips, parties, and picnics that same week.Search Within Screenshot

Because of the idiosyncrasies of OCR indexing, there are times when you know there’s a story within the pages of a particular edition, but a search doesn’t find what you’re looking for. That’s when you can enjoy reading a newspaper the old-fashioned way online—by browsing. The only experiences you’ll miss out on are the smells and rustle of the paper, and the ink rubbing off on your fingers.

* Breadcrumbs is an online navigation term describing the trail of links, usually at the top of a webpage, leading you back along your path to where you started. Fortunately, a path created by online breadcrumbs is more successful than the one left by Hansel and Gretel.

Marian Anderson Sings to 75,000 on 9 April 1939

Headline in History - Marian Anderson Sings to 75,000

Marian Anderson to Sing in Capital
Seventy-five years ago this month, world-renowned African American contralto Marian Anderson performed to a crowd of more than 75,000 at an Easter Sunday concert at the Lincoln Memorial. Her 9 April 1939 performance was the climax of a months-long controversy over the concert’s venue that quickly became a national discussion of racial discrimination.

It all started when the Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR) rejected a request for the use of their Constitution Hall in Washington DC for Anderson’s performance. The DAR maintained that the rejection was due to a previous booking on that date, but many instead saw it as a result of racial prejudice. One of those was First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt, a member of the DAR at the time, who consequently resigned her membership and then wrote about her decision in her syndicated column “My Day.”

Roosevelt’s involvement in the issue launched it into the national spotlight, with newspapers across the country following the Snub to Negro Singer Riles Mrs. Rooseveltstory’s developments and local opinion on the matter. So on 9 April, what was originally meant as a performance for a few thousand became a concert for an integrated audience of more than 75,000, with “untold millions” more listening in at home to the NBC radio broadcast. Anderson opened her free, open-air concert with “America” (“My Country, ‘Tis of Thee”), singing with what one news story described as “no bitterness and no cynicism, but only […] fervent sincerity.”

But newspaper coverage of the story didn’t end with the concert. In the days and weeks following, various editors and columnists weighed in on what the concert meant to the issue of racial discrimination in America. While some papers, like the Pittsburgh Courier, remarked that “absolutely nothing has been solved by her action,” others saw it as “a victory in the battle against racial intolerance.”

If you’re interested in finding out more about this story—or in finding your family in local papers—search Newspapers.com to read countless historical articles on Marian Anderson or other controversies of national and local interest.